Monday, October 31, 2011

Armenia


Armenia is located between Western Asia and Eastern Europe. The country has a very rich history in which it lies in the highlands of the biblical mountains of Ararat. Armenia had an early civilization which is said to be dated back to 4000 B.C.. A former member of the Soviet Union, Armenia declared independence in August 1990, becoming the first non-Baltic republic to secede from the Soviet Union. Armenians have their own distinct language and alphabet but also still speak Russian. Armenia is known for their rich wine and their love for art, music and sports.

Friday, October 28, 2011

Armenia

Armenia is located between West Asia and East Europe. This country was suffered between Russia and Turkish Empire for long history. Bu, 1990 Armenia declared independence. There are a lot of diamonds undermined in Armenia. The wine is famous souvenir. That is called Armenia cognac. Three ministries are registered as world heritage. Armenia has a nuclear plant, and Armenian want to abandon the nuclear plant, but the nuclear plant is easiest and cheapest way to create electricity, so they cannot abandon it because economic situation is bad to sustain other alternative source to generate electricity.

Armenia


The republic of Armenia is a mountainous region in located in the region of Eurasia. It is a bordering country split between Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Previously part of the Soviet Union, Armenia is now an independent democratic state. The state prides itself on his cultural heritage and history. Both Armenian and Russian are spoken languages in the country, along with a large Christian population. Armenia, originally named Hayk’, is highly involved with western integration and finds it of the highest priority to correspond this with their foreign policy. The state is a member within forty international organizations, including the United Nations, World Trade Organization and NATO’s partnership for peace. Despite facing elements of violence and genocide in their history (especially during the time of the soviet union) Armenia has managed to regain its independence and build a vast growing economy and country.

Armenian Media

Media in Armenia is protected by laws such as the Freedom of Information Law and The Mass Communication of Armenia Law, which protect the rights of the media in Armenia. Yet still the Armenian media has its issues.

There are four nation wide TV channels, 57 operate in the country and the rest (nearly half) operate in Yerevan and have little coverage. There are several radio stations. However, they are strictly limited to entertainment purposes, with the exception of re-broadcasts of Radio Liberty on public radio stations of Armenia. Thus the media coverage is majorly limited to the independent, yet weak and of little influence, print media.

The print media of Armenia is very diverse and pluralistic, at times even critical of politicians. However, none of the outlets exceed over 3 to 4 thousand copies each day. This makes the Armenian print system very week and of little influence on the public of Armenia.

Even with its limitations the Armenian media has experienced several acts of violence. On April 30, Argishti Kivirian, director of the "bagin" legal company with coordinates with the ARMENIA Today new agency, was badly beaten by unknown men outside his Yerevan apartment.

Armenia


Modern day Armenia is much smaller than the ancient country used to be because of invasions by more than eight different countries. This smaller fraction however, still contains a large amount of history that is still important in the culture today. Armenia was the first country to embrace Christianity as its religion in 300 A.D., and contained in its old borders, was Mount Ararat, the mountain where Noah's ark washed up upon after the great flood mentioned in the bible. The greatest tragedy undertaken by Armenia was in April 1915 when the Turks massacred about one million Armenians in the deserts of Mesopotamia and Syria. Today, this subtraction of the population is still noticed and grieved over. Turkey still denies that the massacre ever happened. In 1922, the Soviets combined Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia to form the Transcaucasian Soviet Socialist Republic. This eventually became part of the USSR and Armenia remained in it until declaring its independence in 1991. While there is still tension between Turkey and Armenia, diplomats have started to open the border between the two countries but the nations must await the approval of the parliaments.

Armenia

Armenia is a mountainous, landlocked country that has only recently gained its independence. Surrounded by Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Nakhchivan, Armenia has always struggled.

The Ottoman Empire, which lasted from 1299 to 1923, was a Turkish empire that is one of the largest and longest-lasting empires in history.

In 1914, the Ottoman Empire joined WW1. During this time a confrontation arose between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire when the government in Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) was suspicious of Armenians who were said to be volunteering for the Russian Army.

Prior to WW1, there were two million Armenians in the Ottoman Empire. By 1922, there were less than 400,000. The other 1.5 million were killed in what historians call a genocide.They say that rape and beatings were commonplace, and if Armenians weren't killed immediately they were driven through harsh deserts and mountains without food, drink or shelter.

However, Turkey refuses to call the killings a genocide, insisting that it was just a part of a very messy war and there was no premeditation to destroy a people. In fact, it is still a crime to even raise the issue of what happened to the Armenians. It is known as "Insulting Turkishness."

In 1922, Armenia joined the USSR and upon the fall of the Soviet Union, Armenia gained its independence, but even today they endure deep struggles to unite as they seem to be stuck in the shadow of the Soviet Union.

France Studying Possible Nuclear Power Cooperation with Armenia

Armenia and France are studying a possible cooperation regarding Armenia’s nuclear power. Armenia has one functioning nuclear power plant which provides the country with 40 percent of its electricity needs. In 2007 Armenia agreed to close this plant after continued pressure from the United States and other countries in Europe, which consider the plant to be unsafe.

However, Armenia’s reactor cannot be decommissioned until a new plant is built; closing the plant could cause an energy supply crisis. This is where France’s expertise could come into play. France is the world’s most nuclear-reliant country. 58 nuclear reactors provide the country with 75 percent of its electricity. French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced in a news conference earlier this month that a French mission will be sent to Yerevan, the Armenian capital, to determine what will be the best way to give Armenia access to nuclear power.

Most important in the operation will be the issue of safety, said Eric Besson, the French Energy Minister.

Armenia

Armenia is one of the oldest civilizations in the world however the country has only recently gained its independence. Located between Turkey and Azerbaijan, Armenia has been fighting for its borders and territories for centuries.

The ottoman turks invaded the country in the late nineteenth century and being a violent rule. In response to talks of a revolt by the Armenian people, the turks massacred thousands of Armenians in 1894 and 1896. During WWI another massacre occurred that was the most horrific. In April 1915, between 600,000 and 1.5 million Armenians were murdered by the Turks.

In 1922, Armenia became part of the USSR. During the collapse of the soviet Union in 1991, Armenia gained its independence. The country is now a republic under the rule of President Serzh Sarkisyan.

Britni Riley

Beijin Opera

Chinese history is very long. It has continued 4000 years ago. 200 years ago, the famous Beijing Opera started in china. “Beijing Opera is a synthesis of stylized action, singing, dialogue and mime, acrobatic fighting and dancing to represent a story or depict different characters and their feelings of gladness, anger, sorrow, happiness, surprise, fear and sadness. The characters may be loyal or treacherous, beautiful or ugly, good or bad, their images being vividly manifested.” (China highlights) In the opera, they use graceful Chinese music. The music is played by special Chinese instruments like jinghu, sanxian and yueqin. The fashion, the actors wear, is also very distinctive. Watching the opera, the spectators can understand Chinese history and culture easily.

Anti-Turkey Coalition



Armenia is an ancient civilization that is borderd by Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Iran. This location during the first World War led to one of the greatest attrocities in the modern era. The Turks became suspicous of the Armenians due to the fact that there were volunteer soldiers that fought for the Russians in the conflict. It was at this point that between 600,000 and 1,000,000 Armenians were murdered by the Turkish. This genocide is still a driving force in modern culture because it has not been recognized as a state financed genocide by the U.S or the UN, and this week an article was written asking for the Kurds, Cypriots and Greeks to form anti-Turkey coalition with Armenia. The author of this article stated, “If those victimized or threatened by Turkey, however, would pool their resources and demands, each group may find its influence amplified exponentially. Kurds who seek recognition of the Anfal as genocide might solicit the support of Armenian counterparts, but also must be willing to offer support as well. Kurdish officials should be outspoken in support of Greek Cyprus, and should leverage Cypriot and Greek influence to ensure that a Turkish withdrawal from Iraq and Kurdistan becomes a European Union platform.”

Overcoming Hardships in Armenia




Armenia is an ancient civilization that can be dated back to approximately 4,000 B.C.  The country is located near Mount Ararat, where Noah's Ark is said to have come to rest after the worldwide Biblical flood waters receded. 

Armenia is a landlocked country because it is bordered by Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Nakhchivan.  For many centuries, Armenia has endured many hardships from surrounding empires and civilizations. One of the first modern-day genocides was carried out in the country. In 1915, one and a half million Armenian citizens were killed by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire.  The Ottoman's killed intellectual and political leaders first, then went after the citizens.  Men, women and children were called from their homes and told that they were being transported to a new city, but they were sent to concentration camps where they were given no food or water.  To this day, the country of Turkey denies that the word genocide accurately describes the events that took place.

After the genocide, Armenia was incorporated into the Soviet Union.  When Stalin took the reins of power, many Armenian citizens were mistreated, deported and executed.  They were still suffering at the hands of another country.  After Stalin died, they were ruled by Nikita Khruschev and Mikhail Gorbachev.  Conditions were better, but Armenians longed for freedom.  On August 23, 1990, Armenia declared independence and became the first non-Baltic republic to secede from the Soviet Union.  The country has made great strides in rebuilding their economy and culture.  Armenia has made a full switch to a market economy and is the 31st most economically free nation in the world.  Armenia will continue to thrive because they possess oil reserves and natural resources that are in high demand all over the world.

Thursday, October 27, 2011

Echoes of Armenian Genocide



Armenia is approaching a 100 anniversary of a wholesale destruction of native population by Ottoman Empire at the times of World War I. The violent incidents of 1920th are considered to be a century’s first genocide. Later in 1930 on the Soviet territory the Armenian practices were followed by Holodomor in Ukraine and Nazi genocide of Jews during World War II. The decades passed, but the former oppressors keep on reaping the fruits grown on the sins of their ancestors. The question of official recognizing the Armenian genocide is still an issue.
 Turkey, formed on the ruins of Ottoman Empire still opposes all accusations in causing harm to Armenians a hundred years ago. Beyond any doubts, such paradox can be explained by a number of political and ethical reasons. Withal, the recognition of Armenian genocide is one of the key demands for Turkey on the way of European integration and joining the EU. While politicians consider ethics, the residents of Turkey take the whole case quite ambiguously. While one group of Turkish population wants to beg an excuse from Armenians for former oppression, the other group feels abused. Being affected by numerous accusations, the second launched the whole Internet campaign claiming “we’re waiting for apologies”.
Meanwhile, the Armenian views of the past are well-defined.  The Museum of Armenian Genocide is planning to present a complex of interactive historical exhibitions worldwide. “Each show will provide a separate aspect of Genocide. Matching them together will grant an integrated picture of this tragic page in Armenian history,” said Museum director Ayk Demoyan. 

Oksana Demchenko

Armenia on the line

Armenia is not going to be a part of the Customs Union, which members are Russia, Kasakstan and Belarus. As prime-minister Tigran Sarkisian said: “There was not a single episode in the world practice when the country, which doesn’t have the common bounds with members of the organization, took part in the allience.”

As for agreement about the free trade zone, it won’t be a problem for Armenian integration to Europe. Tigran Sarkisian pointed out, that the european partners were informed about this and they didn’t object to it. The prime-minister highly appreciated the agreement about creating the free trade zone. He said that this is an opportunity to open new outlets for Armenian goods.

“This agreement has a historical significance,” - Sarkisian said. Also he added, that taking part in the free trade zone doesn’t contradict Armenian participation in the World Trade Organization.

The decision about creating the Customs union was made in August 2006. Russia, Kasakstan and Belarus are already members of it. From the first of January 2012 authorities of these countries are going to create on the territory of the Customs union the common trade area.

Armenia

Armenia is known for its turbulent history, most notably the genocide committed against its people at the hands of the Ottoman Empire lasting from 1915 to 1917. Many believe, including the International Association of Genocide Scholars, that over one million Armenians died. Following World War I the Democratic Republic of Armenia was formed. Because of the atrocities committed against Ottoman Armenians, the DRA government saw an influx of Armenian refugees causing problems such as hunger and disease. Eventually the DRA would take in the territory that was Ottoman Armenia.
On December 4, 1920, the DRA government collapsed, leading to a annexation of Armenia by the Soviet Union. With many issues with Soviet Russia, Armenia demanded independece and on August 23, 1990 Armenia became the first Soviet republic not located in the Balkans to gain independence. Armenia is now has a free market economy and works with many nations in Europe and the Middle East. Armenia maintains cordial relations with neighboring countries Georgia and Iran.

Armenia

President: Serzh Sarkisyan
Prime Minister: Tigran Sarkisyan

Armenia is one of the world's oldest civilizations. It once included Mount Ararat, the mountain that Noah's ark rested on after the food. Throughout history, Armenia has been invaded by a succession of empires, and has been under constant threat of domination by foreign forces. It has been conquered by the Greeks, Romans, Persians, Byzantines, Mongols, Arabs, Ottoman Turks, and Russians. During WWI, it was controlled by the Ottoman Turks, and the people of Armenia suffered greatly. 1.5 million Armenians were murdered or died of starvation. It was considered the first genocide of the 20th century. Turkey still denies this genocide today. After WWI Armenia became a part of the Soviet Union, and suffered through more discrimination. After a long struggle they finally declared their independence in 1991. Today 60% of the country as imigrated to other countries. The population as decreased significantly.

Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Venezuela's Hugo Chávez Cancer Free... Supposedly...


Socialist President Hugo Chávez announced on October 20, 2011, that he is free from cancer and plans to be re-elected for presidency again in 2012. Chávez who was diagnosed with cancer back in June, said that he is well from the illness after less that a year.

There are many skeptics that believe Chávez is lying about his illness including Karen Hooper. Hooper, who analyzes Latin America for political risk consultancy Stratfor, had this to say about Chávez, "No one accurately declares themselves free from cancer after just a few months. This is political theater."

So is Chávez telling the truth or is this a political strategy?


http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/10/20/us-venezuela-chavez-idUSTRE79J5CA20111020




Monday, October 24, 2011

3 Aid Workers Kidnapped in Algeria



Two Spainiards and an Italian were kidnapped yesterday while providing aid in Algeria. They were giving aid in the Raguni refugee encampment in the province of Tinduf. This area has been in turmoil since 1976, and al Qaeda has been active in the area recently. There were gunshots heard during the kidnapping and one of the three abductees may have been injured. The Spanish and Italian government have confirmed these kidnappings, but have released no further details.



FIR lodged against 16 policemen in Bhatta Parsaul rape case

Bhatta-Parsaul rape case is top news in India.
According to Times of India, the gang rape happened after farmers and government officials were having conflict over farm land that was supposed to be a bus station. Sixteen PAC jawans have been identified in the gang rape case.
At first the police refused to file a case but thanks to National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and National Commission for Women (NCW) the police were forced to pay attention to the case. The victim has been allowed to appear in court and file her case, the local court forced the police to investigate the case.

Times of India article:

Photo assisted with the article:




-Elizabeth Beaver

France’s Sarkozy Clashes Over the Euro


President Nicolas Sarkozy has clashed with Prime Minister David Cameron on the discussions involving the eurozone crisis. Sarkozy believes that the talks concerning the eurozone crisis should be limited to nations who are actually using the euro. Opposing this statement, David Cameron, has requested all nations to have a form on involvement due to the affect the crisis could have on Europe as a whole. Sarkozy has stated that “[they] are sick of [David Cameron] criticizing [them] and telling [them] what to do.”

However, many suggest that the aim is to deepen the economic convergence within Europe and strengthen economic discipline, especially considering the situation involving the Greek debt crisis. The nations will have to resume the convergence together, despite their indifferences.

Chinese journalism today

The Chinese journalism is somewhat strange. The Chinese government has restrained the free journalism, but so many blogs, radio news, and paper against the Chinese government are mushroomed and broadcast every day. According to Asahi shimbun journalist, in china it was very common to get true information from blogs because the government restricts to the right of free expiation, issue, speech. On July 23th, high speed train crashed incident killed at least 40 people. The government should invest the problem, but instead of doing research, the Chinese government buried the evidence under the ground. The high speed train that the Chinese government said was made by mixed techniques by Canada, Japan so on. It was possible that was the reason, but actual attitude that the Chinese government took toward the incident was unbelievable. In China, this news was spread out the nation, though the government tried to erase or restrict the news from the Internet. Most of its news was conveyed by the blogs that seems to be main source to get news in China.

Universities See Decline In Applications For 2012


London-- The number of UK tuition fees has dropped significantly for next September. With University fees rising up to nearly £9,000 a year, applications have dropped by nearly 12 percent. The initial set of statistics for applications to university next year, published by the Universities and Colleges and Admissions Service (Ucas), reveal that 52,321 applicants have applied from within the UK, compared with 59,413 this time last year. While the number of applicants from within and outside the UK combined has fallen by 9 percent to 69,724, from 76,612 this time last year.

Universities and politicians are concerned that the rise in tuition fees will count out or simply deter those of a lesser income to apply to University. Statistics show that women are applying slightly less than men at a 10.5 percent decrease while men have declined at a 7 percent decrease.

Though many Universities have seen a decline in applications some have witnessed an increase.

The London School of Economics, Queen Mary and Bath, are seeing rises in applications.