Burma, also known as Myanmar, is home to some of the oldest civilizations, but it is one of the least developed countries in the world. Burma is rich in natural resources such as jade, pearls, rubies, sapphires, offshore oil, and gas deposits. However, the Burman people live in poverty and are getting poorer.
Human rights has been one of the biggest problems that has plagued the country because the military has abused the people for decades. From 1962 to 2011, the country was under rule by a military junta and has been in one of the longest running civil wars.
Control of media broadcasts and publications has been strongly enforced since the 1962 military coup because officials wanted to censor and filter criticism of the government.
In 2011, the junta was dissolved and a civilian government was put in place. Thein Sein was sworn into office as president of Myanmar in March of 2011. He is known to be more moderate, and hopefully will help reform the struggling country.